Claudication is pain and discomfort in the thighs, calves, or buttocks that occurs during movement and is relieved by rest. Caused by insufficient blood flow in the limbs, this condition is most often a symptom of peripheral artery disease (PAD).
The culprit is atherosclerosis, clogging of the arteries with cholesterol and other debris. This narrows the opening through which blood flows, restricting the supply of oxygen. In turn, demand for oxygen exceeds supply and pain is the result.
Healthy leg veins have valves that keep blood flowing to the heart. Venous reflux disease develops when the valves stop working properly and allow blood to flow backward
Over the course of the last several decades, the rate of obesity has progressively increased and is now one of the leading causes of death worldwide—650 million adults are classified as obese. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines obesity as the accumulation of excessive fat in the body creating risks for a healthy life. The main causes: changing diets and lifestyles. But what are bad eating habits doing to our blood vessels?